When you are at a heavy steering wheel turn, it will certainly make it difficult for the car to turn. As a result, the car did not run in the lane it should be and was able to cause an accident. The causes of heavy car steering wheels are also very diverse.
Generally, cars in this era use an electric power steering system. This system allows the assistance of an electric motor to ease the steering load. If the steering feels one-sided, the problem lies in the hydraulic power steering system. As for other causes, you can see below:
Low air pressure will make the electric power steering heavy. Punctured tires make the tire surface widen even more. As a result, the pressure applied to the wheels of the car also increased. To overcome this is quite easy, namely by pumping the tires to normal pressure.
The tire pressure of the front and rear cars is different. For the front tires, you should use an air pressure of 32-34 Psi. While the rear car tires are set to 30-32 Psi. Flat tires can also be due to punctured tires so that the car shakes at low speeds and the steering wheel becomes heavy.
Problematic Power Steering Oil
The steering wheel of a heavy manual car can be due to reduced power steering oil. There is a possibility that the power steering oil runs out so that the steering wheel becomes heavy when used.
This oil has the function of increasing the rotating power on the steering wheel through the hydraulic pressure generated. The location of this oil is around the reservoir cylinder or at the end of the steering belt.
Before using the car, there is nothing wrong with checking the power steering oil tube first in the engine room. Keep the oil at the right liquid level or its minimum limit. You should regularly change the oil because if you pass the replacement period, it can affect the hydraulic pressure generated.
This oil change is usually done after entering 25,000-30,000 km. If the color of the oil is still red, it is enough to check the volume of the oil. If it turns black, immediately do an oil change.
Heavy steering wheels can also occur whenever power steering oil leaks. To check it look at the bottom of the car whether there is a dripping red liquid.
Front Wheel Alignment Is Not Quite Right
The steering wheel of a heavy car can be because the front wheels are slightly tilted or not in a vertical position. Especially after years of use, of course, tires will be easily eroded.
As a result, the top and bottom are not balanced. To solve this you need to take the car to the place of balancing the wheels.
Long Tie Rod Damage
Another cause of heavy steering wheel can be due to damage that occurs to the long tie rod. The long tie rod is an iron rod that connects the rack steering wheel with the steering knuckle. At the end of the long tie rod there is a part known as the ball joint.
If there is damage to parts related to the long tie rod such as ball joints and rack steering wheels, the steering wheel will be heavy. For example, a ball joint that has rusted is able to make a sound when the car turns.
The solution to this problem is of course by replacing the spare parts.
V Belt Disconnected
The V belt is part of the engine pulley that is useful for pumping power steering. If this part is cut off, the AC compressor engine and alternator also do not work. The material of the V belt itself is made of rubber. When replacing it, you should first clean the pulley part from oil splashes.
Those were some of the causes of heavy car steering wheels and their solutions. Routinely checking the car engine will avoid you from heavy car steering wheels and other problems.